The post-emergency project, "Rebuilding and strengthening resilience for adaptation and integration of Ukrainian refugees in Poland", attempts to respond to the significant gaps in the assistance delivered to the Ukrainian refugees.

The project is designed to help the Ukrainian refugees gradually adapt and be integrated into Polish society. Its intended outcomes (objectives) are three - that the Ukrainian refugees are (a) settled in a regular flat or apartment (SHELTER), (b) engaged in part-time or full-time jobs or self-entrepreneurship (LIVELIHOOD), and (c) the children received kindergarten and elementary education (PROTECTION). The primary beneficiaries of this project are those refugees who have been under the care of the Camillians in Ursus and Lomianki since May 2022. The secondary beneficiaries are those “walk-ins” who have entered Poland since last year and are seeking help to find shelter, jobs, and schools for their children. Ninety-five percent (95%) of them have decided to rebuild and restart their lives in Poland together with the entire family in the near future.

As of the fourth quarter (2023), the target goal has reached a 100% accomplishment rate. It has been achieved by providing stable shelter and a job (part-time or full-time). A total of 82 refugees, as of December 2023, including children and the elderly, are the direct beneficiaries of all the services delivered in this project in Ursus and Łomianki. 39 refugees have found jobs, and almost half (41%) are self-employed using their skills and talents. On the other hand, 33 children are studying in public and private schools. Over 11,000 indirect beneficiaries who arrived in the last quarter of 2023 received food and non-food assistance. The services delivered have facilitated the adaptation and integration of the refugees into Polish society. A total of 11,007 secondary beneficiaries assisted during the 4th quarter.

The Camillian Disaster Service International (CADIS) is primarily responsible for the intended outcomes of this project in close coordination and collaboration with the Camillian Province of Poland. In particular, CADIS assesses and periodically monitors and evaluates the project activities against the intended outcomes and impact. It submits reports (narrative and financial) to the Tzu Chi Charity Foundation. On the other hand, the Camillian Polish Province organizes and implements the indicative activities of the project, ensures accomplishments of the objectives, and reports regularly to CADIS.

SHELTER: Provide a long-term temporary shelter for one year to 100 refugees (women, children, or families) in Łomianki and Ursus.
As of December 2023, 82 refugees received shelters in Ursus (38: children 17 + adults 21) and Łomianki (44: children 21 + 23 adults). In Ursus, those temporarily sheltered at the hostel house are still looking for jobs or transiting to other EU or non-EU countries. Ursus also offers training apartments or supervised flats. There are 24 Ukrainian resident refugees in the eight apartments rented by the Camillians. When new families move in, as per the agreement, they are not expected to contribute to the costs for the first 3 months. Fifty-five (55%) of them initially enjoyed an average level of autonomy. Our goal is to make them fully autonomous and independent.

Our primary beneficiaries have achieved a greater sense of security at present. They can communicate better thanks to organized Polish language learning classes. They have better opportunities to find work thanks to better self-esteem and communication skills in moving around Warsaw. The assimilation of refugees in a new country involves a complex adaptation process to the host society, and their lives undergo various changes. Poland's policy and the aid it offers are gradually changing. The support received has decreased and new regulations have come into force. People with legal jobs feel better because they support themselves, pay taxes and do not live solely on benefits.
The program coordinator is responsible for implementing all the programs planned for Ursus. He conducts meetings with other people in the project and tries to respond to their problems.



Łomianki offers a semi-private dormitory service to the refugees. The organization of life is quite diverse from Ursus. Here, the Ukrainian residents live together in a single facility with an individual or a family room. There are 44 resident refugees in our semi-private dormitory in Łomianki. All of the 44 residents are contributing 30% of the overall cost of operation. Seventy percent (70%) of the expenses (food, non-food, utilities and personnel) are subsidized by the project. The beneficiaries are somehow adjusted to the culture and life of the Pole society. They are becoming more familiar with the realities of Poland. Psychosocial and medical assistance, particularly healthcare and legal assistance, are provided according to their needs.

The project coordinator implements the programs and makes key decisions for the facility's operation and residents' well-being. The administrative staff takes care of the day-to-day operation of the facility, such as purchasing, schedules of the kitchen staff and residents on duty, and the overall maintenance. She also provides psychosocial and counseling support to the residents.

LIVELIHOOD: Facilitate access of refugees to the labor market to obtain part-time or full-time jobs and the co-working space for skilled refugees interested in self-employed or alternative livelihood activities
a. Skills Development and Job Employment Program
As of the 4th quarter of 2023, 17 adults in Ursus have obtained jobs, particularly those settled in private apartments and two are still looking for jobs. Due to the lack of Polish language competency, some refugees found jobs unmatched by their professional qualifications, such as accountants and lawyers. Intensive language lessons were given to the resident refugees (children and adults) twice a week for eight (8) hours for each group of students according to their age group. Thanks to EU funds obtained by the Camillian Foundation, 26 Ukrainian refugees have completed the certificate on technical courses to improve their skills.



Among the top challenges in job employment among resident refugees are the following: local language competency, underemployment, lack of legal recognition of their certificates, diplomas, or professional degrees, childcare and paternal support to allow them to take on jobs with shifts and reluctance of employers to employ or train them for a job because of their unstable condition.

We observed a transition of the traditional role and authority of women and mothers as domestic caregivers to domestic leaders or breadwinners (heads of the family). The current situation of the family influences the changing role in the absence of the paternal figure. They want to develop and enhance their leadership in the family.

b. Co-Working Space
The co-working space in Ursus is called Harna. It is a program that gives refugees opportunities for self-autonomy and self-determination. It leverages their vocational skills and talents to find alternative sources of income. Currently, 16 Ukrainian female refugees are working in Harna on regular shifts. The space is equipped with 8 workstations for hairdressing and cosmetology. All materials needed by the users are primarily selected by them and procured by the management. The staff devotes much of her time to training and coaching the women to be self-reliant, leveraging social media. The primary challenge that they confronted was the language.



Each user signs a contract and memorandum of agreement. The program manager represents the team and the users before the government, so proper regulations will be respected. In the beginning, the use of the co-working space was free of charge. In December, a maintenance fee is charged to the users to maintain and assure cleanliness and hygiene. After gaining experience for almost a year, some users want to start their own business.

c. First Assistance of New Arrival Refugees at the Train and Bus Stations
As of December 2023, 956,635 refugees are recorded in Poland. Almost 100% had Temporary Protection (TP) status (cf. UNHCR, 2023). It includes the right to temporary residence and access to socioeconomic rights (cf. European Commission, 2023). However, they will enjoy this temporary protection until March 2024 (Poland’s Data Portal 10/10/2023a). Therefore, this condition might thwart the initial gains that facilitate the refugees' integration and autonomy in Poland if not sustained.

Currently, the Camillians run only one information point at Warsaw West Station, which offers primary assistance to arriving or departing refugees. This service has been possible in collaboration with the city government of Warsaw. As of the last quarter of 2023, we assisted over 11,000 refugees. An average of 100 refugees daily come to the west station, while 40 to 50 refugees come to our facility in Ursus twice a month asking for food, non-food (hygiene kits, clothing), and job assistance.

PROTECTION: 50 children refugees received kindergarten (2-6 y/o) and elementary (7 and above) education in Łomianki and Ursus
Access to education facilitates the Ukrainian-Polish integration of children and parents through educational activities. In Ursus and Łomianki, all students are studying. We have 38 students (11 kindergarten,19 primary, 5 high school, 3 university) studying in Poland.



Conclusion
The implementation of planned project programs is 100% accomplished. It has been achieved through providing a stable shelter and a job (part-time or full-time). As of the 4th quarter, 82 refugees, including children and the elderly, are regularly under the care of this project.

Thirty-three (33) refugees have found jobs, and half (50%) are self-employed using their skills and talents. Twenty-six (26) refugees received the vocational skills training provided by the project in collaboration with the EU-funded project. At the end of the project, the primary gaps that remained a challenge were the Poles' language competency (reading and writing) and the legal recognition of their professional and educational attainment.

After 18 months of being hosted in Poland, many persons on the move remain precarious. Many people still rely on housing that is not sustainable, need humanitarian assistance to survive, struggle to find ways to improve their situation over the long term, suffer the impact of stress and trauma among children and adolescents, tensions within the Ukrainian community itself, and issues linked to protection status and labor market exploitation and discrimination (cf. IRC, 2023). A big challenge lies ahead of the Ukrainian refugees in Poland in 2024. CADIS and the Camillians remain committed to pursuing another phase of the project, considering the gains of this actual project.